干货 | 一个人怎么练习英语口语?

来源:英语口语微信公众号 作者: 时间:2020/07/29

 

我们都知道英语需要练习,多开口说才能进步。但是对大多数中国人来说,没有和别人一起练英语的机会。那么,一个人怎么练英语呢?


下面分享一些实用技巧还有示范过程,多加练习可以帮助我们提高自己的英语水平哦~~

 

以下为双语全文


I think you already know that if you want to improve your English speaking skills, you have to practice, right? you have to speak, studying grandma will never improve your speaking, listening to English alone will never improve your speaking. You have to actually speak. but what if you don't have someone to talk to in English? how can you practice them?

我想你已经知道,如果你想提高你的英语口语能力,你必须练习,对吧?你必须开口说。只学习语法永远不会提高你的口语能力,单单练习英语听力也不会提高你的口语水平。你得真正开口才行。但是如果你身边没有可以用英语交谈的人怎么办呢?那样的话你该怎么练习呢?


Well, there's a technique that allows you to learn to speak English by yourself, no speaking partner is required. this technique can help improve many aspects of your spoken English: your sentence structure, your grandma, your vocabulary, and most importantly, your ability to express your thoughts and ideas effectively. so what is his technique? Here's what it is....

其实,这里有一个可以让你不需要对话伙伴,自己练习口语的技巧。它可以从方方面面帮助你提高英语的口语能力:句子结构、语法、词汇,最重要的是,它可以有效地提高表达思想和观点的能力。那么这个技巧是什么呢?那就是......


Learning to speak English throug himitation. when I say imitation, I'm not talking about repeating after Native speakers, using the exact same word to improve your pronunciation. I'm talking about something, a little more advanced than that. here's how it works: you listen to a conversation, a story, or some kind of speech, and then try to deliver that speech in your own words.

学习通过模仿来说英语。我所说的模仿,并不是要你把母语人士所说的话一字不落的重复跟读来提高你的发音,我说的这个方法要比这个好用多了。它是这样的:在你听了一段对话,一个故事,或者演讲视频,尝试着用你自己的话来复述出来。


let's see this technique in action:

让我们看看实际操作是怎样的:


(听) when I was a child.(说) when he was a child. 


(听) my parents liked to pretend, like many other parents.(说) his parents liked to pretend, like many other parents.


(听) that SantaClauswould bring us presents at Christmas. (说)hisparents like topretend that Santa Claus would bring them presents at Christmas.


(听) so when my siblings and I would wake up on Christmas morning,(说)so when he and his siblings would wake up on Christmas morning.


(听) There'd be abunch of presents, from supposedly. Santa clause, sitting in front of the fireplace,(说) there'd a bunch of presents, from supposedly Santa clause sitting in front of the fireplace.


(图片来源:视觉中国)


So that's how it works. but that's just oneway to do it, there are other ways too. for example, instead of imitating small portions of speech, like phrases and short sentences, you can imitatelarger portions of speech. so in this case, you wait until the speaker completeat hought or an idea. then pause and try to express that idea yourself. another approach is to simply listen to the whole speech, and then try to deliver that entire speech yourself. so there are several ways to go about it.

这个技巧就是这么操作的。但是这只是一种操作方法,还有其他的方法。例如,不仅仅是模仿演讲中的短语和短句,这样的小块段落,你还可以模仿更大的段落。所以在这种情况下,你要等到演讲者说完一个完整的观点后,暂停视频,然后试着自己把这个观点表达出来。另一种方法就是单纯地听完整个演讲,然后试着用自己的话复述完整个演讲。所以其实有很多种方法应用这个技巧。


But what I recommend is to combine them all together, and I called this approach easy-to-hard imitation. Easy-to-hard imitationis based on the concept of progressive training. the idea is that your startwith something easy and then increase the difficulty of the activity, forcing yourself to get better. 

但我的建议是把它们全部结合在一起,我把这种方法称为“从易到难模仿法”。从易到难模仿法是建立在渐进式训练的概念上而设计的。重点就是,从一些简单的内容开始,然后增加练习的难度,逼着自己变强。


A number of studies have found this kind of training to be very effective. here's how you can apply this concept: start by imitating small portions of speech first, like phrases and short sentences, then move onto imitating larger portions of speech, like long sentences or even groups of sentences, and finally, try to deliver the entire speech on your own.

许多研究都发现这种培训是非常有效的。接下来教你如何应用这个概念:首先以演讲为例,模仿演讲中小块段落,比如短语和短句,然后继续模仿更大的段落,比如长句乃至整段的句子。最后,试着独自复述完整个演讲。


This technique offers many benefits. you get to listen and imitate correct English, which helps you learn to form sentences properly. you get to learn idioms, expressions, and other speaking patterns that are used in day-to-day conversations. you get to learn grandma, when you imitate other people, you're learning grandma through a process called implicit learning. this is the process where the learning happens without you rawareness.

运用这个技巧有许多好处。你可以练习听力和模仿正确的英语发音,这有助于你学会说出正确完整的句子。你还可以学到英语中的惯用语、表达方式和日常对话中经常使用的其它口语句式。你还可以学到语法,当你模仿别人的时候,你其实在用一个叫做“隐性学习”的过程来学习语法,就是指在你没有意识的情况下学习。


This is how baby and children learn the grandma rules of their first language. when you imitate, you don't think about grandma. You're not try to understand why the present perfect tense is used in this situation or in that situation. Instead, you're focused on communication, on understanding and expressing ideas. 

这就是婴儿和儿童如何学习他们母语语法的方式。当你模仿的时候,你不会去想语法。你也并不会试着去理解为什么现在完成时态被用在这种情境下或那种情境下。相反,你专注于沟通、理解和表达想法。


来源:英语口语微信公众

 

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