演讲 | 英国首相苏纳克在2023年英国全球投资峰会上的演讲

来源: GOV.UK、英文巴士公众号 作者: 时间:2023/12/01


Keynote Speech by PM Rishi Sunak at the Global Investment Summit


27 November 2023


Good morning. 


Welcome to Hampton Court Palace and the UK’s second Global Investment Summit. 


Now, my argument today is that the UK is a modern, dynamic, thriving economy. 


And where better to prove those futuristic credentials, than a 500-year-old Palace. 


But this Summit is not just a sales pitch for Britain although you’d better believe that I’m going to give you that. 


It’s also a chance for us to say: thank you.  


I’ve spent my career before politics in business and finance.  


And so have many of my top team, including the Chancellor.  


And we know that it’s not governments that grow the economy. 


It’s businesses and investors like all of you. 


You create jobs; drive growth; generate wealth, and you even take on some of the biggest social challenges we face. 


And it may be unfashionable to say, but I believe that your success is our country’s success. 


So I am really grateful to all of you for making time to be here today. 


And your presence, your decision to choose to invest in Britain, is a huge vote of confidence in this country’s future. 


And I think you’re absolutely right to feel that confidence.  


Because we’re setting about making this the best place in the world to invest and do business. 


Now, I am unashamedly proud of Britain. 


Ands there’s a growing momentum right here in the UK right now. 


Don’t just take my word for it. 


PWC’s survey this year of thousands of global CEOs rated the UK the most attractive investment destination in Europe. 


And you can see that confidence in the decisions that people are making. 


Like Tata, BMW, and just last week, Nissan – investing billions into automotive and electric vehicles manufacturing.  


Or Microsoft, announcing today £2.5bn for critical AI infrastructure in addition to all the leading AI labs who already have their European offices here. 


Or the Ellison Institute of Technology, confirming today a £1bn investment into their new Oxford site, researching and developing new technologies, including life sciences.  


And you can see that momentum too in our commitment to free trade.  


In the past year alone, we’ve secured new investment partnerships with the US, Japan, and South Korea worth more than £50bn. 


We’ve become the first European country to join the fast-growing Trans-Pacific bloc and hugely benefited from the sovereign investment partnership with the United Arab Emirates, deploying over £14bn into the UK in a little over two years.  


And all of that is why this country is one with the fastest investment growth anywhere in the G7  


So when I say this country can be the best place in the world to invest and do business, you should believe me and believe me because of three big competitive advantages that we have: our low tax approach; our culture of innovation; and our people. 


Firstly, tax. 


The purest expression of this government’s economic philosophy is that people and businesses make far better decisions about their own money than any government could. 


And I believe that by allowing you to keep more of the return on your capital, our country becomes more competitive as a place to invest, grow, and create jobs.   


And make no mistake, we are cutting taxes.  


Not only do we have the lowest rate of Corporation Tax rate in the G7. 


Last week, we announced that we would make full expensing permanent. 


This means you can write off the cost of many capital investments – in full. 


It makes our capital allowances regime one of the most generous in the world. 


And it was the biggest business tax cut in modern British history.  


And that’s not all. 


We’ve got lower capital gains tax rates than France, Germany, Italy, and Japan.  


Some of the most generous tax reliefs on stock options anywhere in the world.  


And we’re cutting personal taxes to [for] 27 million working people, too.  


But while low taxes are crucial, they’re not enough on their own to make this country the best investment destination in the world. 


We’re also creating new ideas and turning those ideas into the most exciting companies of the future. 


And that’s the UK’s second competitive advantage: our incredible culture of innovation. 


Now, the story of the United Kingdom has always been about discovery and invention. 


Ours is the country of Newton, Faraday, Hodgkin, and Lovelace, of Stephenson’s steam engine, Darwin’s theory of evolution, and the world wide web, invented by Tim Berners-Lee who I’m delighted is attending here today. 


And that tradition is still very much alive. 


With less than 1% of the world’s population, we have three of the world’s top 10 universities. 


The third highest number of research publications. 


And the second most Nobel laureates of any nation. 


And we’re turning those ideas into incredible businesses, up and down the country. 


With more tech Unicorns than any country, bar the US and China. 


And more venture capital than France and Germany combined. 


Not that I’m in any way competitive. 


But at a moment like this, when the tectonic plates of technology are shifting not just in AI, but in quantum, synthetic biology, semiconductors, and much more, we cannot be complacent. 


And that’s why we’re investing record sums of public capital into research and development, also Cutting taxes for all of you that are investing in R&D, and overhauling our listing rules to make it easier for those innovative growing companies to raise the capital they need. 


And outside the European Union, we’re delivering agile regulation that is pro-innovation and pro-growth.  


So, whether it’s financial services or life sciences, AgriTech or our creative industries, innovation is the golden thread running through the British economy. 


But in the end, the greatest asset to any economy is its people. 


And that’s the UK’s third competitive advantage. 


Here at home, we’re delivering a world-class education system. 


We’ve already got one of the most highly qualified workforces in Europe. 


And just as your businesses are having to adapt to the economy of the future, so our skills policies are evolving too, with our new Lifetime Skills Guarantee, which supports adults to retrain at any stage in their careers with record funding in vocational training like apprenticeships. 


But we don’t have a monopoly on talent in this country.  


And we recognise that nearly half of our most innovative companies have an immigrant founder. 


So if you’re an innovator, an entrepreneur, a researcher, you should know that the most competitive visa regime for highly skilled international talent is right here in the UK. 


And let me give you just one example: 


Our High Potential Individual visa means that if you’re a young person who’s graduated from a global top 50 university, you can just come to the UK and stay here, with your family, for two years, to just explore, work, study, invent.  


Nothing like that exists anywhere else in the world. 


And it tells you everything about our pro-innovation, pro-growth, pro-business philosophy: 


So that’s the opportunity here in the UK.  


And that’s why you should believe me when I say this is the best country in the world to invest and do business.  


Because of that unique combination of a competitive tax system, our culture of innovation, and our people. 


Now, I know people look at summits like this and often say that they’re just big talking shops. 


But let me tell you what we’ve achieved. 


This Summit has galvanised new investments in the UK economy worth a total of £30bn, over three times as much as the first Summit that was held just a couple of years ago.  


That will support tens of thousands of new jobs right across the UK.  


It will create new growth and new opportunities.  


And it is a huge vote of confidence in this country’s future. 


So, thank you for choosing to be part of that future.  


Thank you for everything that you’re doing for this country. 


With your support, we can and we will build an even brighter future for our children and our grandchildren. 


Thank you, and enjoy the day. 


源 | GOV.UK、英文巴士公众号作|绢生
审核|肖英 / 万顷

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