一周热词 | 2022年度流行色、天宫第一课、新任德国总理、谷爱凌夺冠创历史

来源:译世界 作者: 时间:2021/12/14

本周热词:


1. 2022年度流行色发布

2. 天宫第一课开课

3. 朔尔茨当选德国联邦总理

4. 谷爱凌滑雪大跳台世界杯夺冠



热词

01


2022年度流行色

Color of the year 2022


While many of us will spend the final days of 2021 reflecting on its whirlwind events, global color authority Pantone has already been busy looking ahead -- to decide on the shade that will best encapsulate 2022.

虽然许多人将在2021年的尾声回顾这匆匆一年,但全球色彩权威机构彩通已经忙着展望未来——决定最能代表2022年的色调。


On Wednesday it unveiled Very Peri, a periwinkle hue that the company says combines the steady tranquility of blue with an energetic infusion of red. It's the first time the company has manufactured a color instead of delving into their pre-existing archive, a decision that was a vital element of this year's selection process.

12月8日,彩通推出了一种长春花蓝色彩,名为“Very Peri(非常长春花)”。彩通称,这种色调将蓝色的安定宁静与红色的活力四射相结合。这是该机构首次调制一种颜色,而非钻研色库里已有的颜色。这一决定是今年选色过程中的一个关键因素。


"It was really important for us to come up with a new color, because we have a very new vision of the world now," said Pantone Color Institute's Executive Director Leatrice Eiseman in a video call.

彩通色彩研究所执行董事莱亚特丽斯•艾斯曼在一次视频通话中表示:“我们觉得推出一种新色彩真的很重要,因为我们现在对世界有了全新的看法。”


"It is literally the happiest and the warmest of all the blue hues," she added, describing the shade. "Because of that red undertone, it introduces an empowering feeling of newness, and newness is what we're looking for."

艾斯曼这样描述这一新色调:“这简直是所有蓝色色调中最快乐、最温暖的颜色。红色的底色为它注入了一种令人振奋的新鲜感,而新鲜感正是我们所寻找的。”


(英文来源:CNN)


Vocabulary:

whirlwind /ˈwɜːlwɪnd/ n. 旋风;旋流;一片忙乱;adj. 快速的;匆匆忙忙的;旋风似的

encapsulate /ɪnˈkæpsjuleɪt/ v. 简述;概括;压缩

periwinkle /ˈperiwɪŋkl/ n. 蔓长春花

hue /hjuː/  n. 颜色;色度;色调;信仰;观点

infusion /ɪnˈfjuːʒn/ n. 注入;灌输;沏成的饮料;炮制的草药;(药物等的)输注;注入用药物

delve into 深入探究;翻找

undertone /ˈʌndətəʊn/ n. 蕴涵的感情(或特质、意思);寓意;弦外之音;低音;浅色;小声

newness  n. 新奇;崭新


热词

02

天宫第一课

First Tiangong class


Three taikonauts of the Shenzhou-13 spaceflight mission delivered the first session of the Tiangong class series, China's first extraterrestrial lecture series, to popularize space science. The lectures, mainly aimed at young students from all over the world, began with a live broadcast from the orbiting China Space Station on Thursday afternoon. 

12月9日下午,神舟十三号乘组三名航天员开授“天宫课堂”第一课,普及太空科学知识。这是中国首个太空科普系列课程,主要面向全世界的青少年学生。中国空间站进行了课程实时直播。


A total of 1,420 students from primary classrooms at the China Science and Technology Museum in Beijing, as well as other classrooms in Nanning, South China's Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Wenchuan county, Southwest China's Sichuan Province, and the Hong Kong and Macao special administrative regions, took part in video communication with the Shenzhou-13 crew, according to a statement the China Manned Space Agency (CMSA) provided to the Global Times.

据中国载人航天工程办公室向《环球时报》提供的消息,此次太空授课活动在中国科技馆设地面主课堂,在广西南宁、四川汶川、香港、澳门分设4个地面分课堂,共1420名中小学生代表参加现场活动,与神舟十三号乘组航天员在视频中进行互动交流。


(英文来源:Global Times)


Vocabulary:

taikonaut /'taɪkənɔːt/  中国宇航员

spaceflight  航天;宇宙飞行

extraterrestrial /ˌekstrətəˈrestriəl/  n.(故事中的)天外来客,外星人,外星生物 adj. 地球外的;外星球的;宇宙的

orbit /ˈɔːbɪt/  n.(天体等运行的)轨道;(人、组织等的)影响范围,势力范围 v. 沿轨道运行;围绕…运动



热词

03


奥拉夫·朔尔茨当选德国联邦总理

Olaf Scholz elected new German chancellor


Olaf Scholz from Germany's Social Democratic Party (SPD) was elected as the new Federal Chancellor on Wednesday.

当地时间12月8日,德国社会民主党(社民党)总理候选人奥拉夫·朔尔茨正式当选德国总理。


According to the German Bundestag, or the lower house of Parliament, Scholz got 395 of the 707 votes, well above the 369-vote majority required in the 736-seat Bundestag.

据德国联邦议院(议会下院),在总计707票中,朔尔茨获得395张赞成票,高于当选所需票数。联邦议院有736名议员,朔尔茨需要至少369票(绝对多数)支持。


The newly-elected chancellor then went to the official residence of the Federal President at Bellevue Palace where he was appointed by President Frank-Walter Steinmeier.

随后,朔尔茨前往德国总统府贝尔维尤宫,现任总统施泰因迈尔正式任命朔尔茨为德国联邦总理。


Chinese President Xi Jinping on Wednesday sent a message of congratulations to Olaf Scholz. Xi said he attaches great importance to China-German relations, and is willing to work with Scholz to push China-German ties to a new level.

12月8日,中国国家主席习近平致电奥拉夫·朔尔茨,祝贺他当选德国联邦总理。习近平指出,我高度重视中德关系发展,愿同你一道努力,推动中德关系迈上新台阶。


(英文来源:Xinhua, Global Times 中文来源:央视新闻、人民网)


Vocabulary:

chancellor /ˈtʃɑːnsələ(r)/  n.(德国或奥地利的)总理;(英国大学的)名誉校长;(某些美国大学的)校长;(用于英国某些高级政府官员的头衔) 

bundestag /ˈbʊndəsˌtɑːɡ/  (德国的)下议院

attach great importance to…  高度重视…



热词

04


谷爱凌滑雪大跳台世界杯夺冠

Gu Ailing wins Big Air World Cup


Eileen Gu was securely in first place heading into the third and final run of the women's freeski big air World Cup in Steamboat Springs, Colorado, on Saturday.

北京时间12月5日,在2021/22赛季国际雪联自由式滑雪大跳台世界杯美国斯廷博特站比赛决赛中,中国选手谷爱凌稳居第一。


Gu also claimed her first freeski big air World Cup title to complete major international wins in all three freeski events, following her freeski slopestyle and halfpipe World Cup victories in Calgary, Canada in 2020, and slopestyle and halfpipe World Champions in Aspen, the US in March.

2020年,谷爱凌获得2019/20赛季世界杯加拿大卡尔加里站坡面障碍技巧、U型池冠军。今年3月,谷爱凌在美国阿斯彭2021年自由式滑雪世锦赛上,谷爱凌获坡面障碍技巧、U型池冠军。此次比赛谷爱凌拿下自己首个世界杯大跳台冠军,集齐了世界杯U型池、大跳台和坡面障碍技巧三个项目的金牌。


Instead of a pleasing trick to the audience, Gu stomped a right double cork 1440 to become the first woman ever to land the trick in any freeski competitions and booked a total score of 184.25 combined with her first run.

决赛中,谷爱凌没有讨巧观众,而是完成了前空翻两周加转体四周的动作,成为有史以来在自由式滑雪比赛中完成该动作的女子选手第一人,以184.25的总分夺得冠军。


(英文来源:China Daily)


Vocabulary:

big air 大跳台

freeski 自由滑雪

slopestyle  n. 单板滑雪障碍技巧

halfpipe  n. (用于滑板、轮滑或滑雪板运动的)U型滑道

stomp /stɒmp/  v. 迈着重重的步子走(或跳舞、移动)

right double cork 1440 前空翻两周加转体四周;偏轴转体1440度

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