来源:外交部官网 作者: 时间:2020/08/07



Xinhua: We have noted that the current U.S. administration shuns dialogue with China and keeps claiming that dialogue is futile. Pompeo even recently called for taking a "distrust and verify" approach towards China. What is your view on such moves?


Wang Yi: In international relations today, dialogue is the right way for settling issues and building trust. Favoring dialogue over confrontation is not only China's position, it is also the consensus of the overwhelming majority of countries. China and the U.S. are two major countries with different social systems, histories and cultures, and each has its own interests and concerns. This is natural. But what is important is that no one should unilaterally shut the door for dialogue at any time. Differences, misjudgments or confrontations should not be allowed to dominate their bilateral relations.

China is a major and responsible country. We are open and above board, and we are ready to enter into candid, effective consultation with the U.S. side and make cool-headed and sensible response to the impulsive moves and anxiety of the U.S. side. We are ready to restart the dialogue mechanisms with the U.S. side at any level, in any area and at any time. All issues can be put on the table for discussion. We have proposed that the two countries draw up three lists respectively on cooperation, dialogue and issues that need proper management, and draw up a road map for future interactions. Our message is quite clear: We urge the U.S. to stop acting with arrogance and prejudice, but enter into constructive dialogue with us on an equal footing. We hope that it will work with us to ease current tensions and put the relations back onto the right track of no conflict, no confrontation, mutual respect and win-win cooperation. This serves the shared interests of the two peoples and meets the expectation of the international community. 



Xinhua: Recently, Hong Kong has become a prominent issue in China-U.S. relations. The U.S. believes that by enacting the national security legislation for the HKSAR, China has given up 'One Country, Two Systems.' It has imposed a number of sanctions on Hong Kong. Do you expect the U.S. to make more trouble on the Hong Kong issue?


Wang Yi:Hong Kong is part of China's territory and Hong Kong affairs fall within China's internal affairs. Non-interference in other countries' internal affairs is a basic norm governing international relations, and no country will allow other countries to flagrantly sabotage its sovereignty or territorial integrity. At the recent session of the UN Human Rights Council, over 70 countries expressed support for China's just stance and condemned the attempts to use the Hong Kong issue to interfere in China's internal affairs. This speaks volumes for the common and just position of the international community.


National security legislation underpins the very survival of any country, and it is a common legal practice of all countries. The legislation on safeguarding national security in Hong Kong has plugged the long-standing legal loopholes in Hong Kong. It will ensure both the long-term implementation of the policy of "One Country, Two Systems" on the basis of rule of law and durable security and stability of Hong Kong. Several million residents of Hong Kong signed a petition in support of the legislation, which demonstrates their longing for peace and stability in Hong Kong and their strong support for the national security legislation for the HKSAR.

China is committed to the policy of "One Country, Two Systems." With the strong support from the mainland, an improved legal environment, and the united efforts of our Hong Kong compatriots, we can surely uphold and better implement the policy of "One Country, Two Systems." The gross interference in Hong Kong affairs, be it in words or action, can only undermine the sound implementation of the policy of "One Country, Two Systems." It will meet with the firm rejection from all the Chinese people, including the people of Hong Kong.



Xinhua: The U.S. recently closed the Chinese Consulate General in Houston, claiming that it was a hub of spying and intellectual property theft. China made a reciprocal response by closing the U.S. Consulate General in Chengdu. Are you concerned that this will lead to escalation in a China-U.S. "diplomatic war"?

Wang Yi: The Chinese Consulate General in Houston was the first consulate general opened by China in the U.S. after the establishment of the diplomatic ties, and it was always an important symbol of China-U.S. friendship. Over the past 40 plus years, the Chinese Consulate General in Houston played a significant role in promoting friendship and cooperation between the Chinese and American peoples. Despite the difficulties encountered during the COVID-19 epidemic, it served as a crucial bridge for boosting cooperation against coronavirus between the U.S. southern states and China. Closing such a consulate general that bears both historical and current significance is closing a window for exchange and mutual understanding between the Chinese and Americans. This move has undermined the normal growth of China-U.S. relations and the friendship between the two peoples. All the excuses for closure claimed by the U.S. side are nothing but fabrications designed to slander China. None of themis backed by any evidence, and none of them can stand up to scrutiny.


Naturally, China would not swallow this arbitrary and unscrupulous U.S. move. Our countermeasure is legitimate, justified and lawful, and it fully conforms to diplomatic norms. China has no intention to fight a "diplomatic war" with the U.S. as it will only hurt the interests of the two peoples even more. Starting a "diplomatic war" does not prove the strength of the U.S. Quite the contrary, it only exposes the increasing lack of confidence of the U.S. If the U.S. is bent on going down the wrong path, China is ready to make due response.



Xinhua: The U.S. is going after Huawei in every possible way, and has declared to build a coalition of "clean countries" to counter China. Many see this as a reflection of U.S. anxiety and fear. What is your take on this?

Wang Yi: 
Without any solid evidence, the U.S. has launched a global campaign against a private Chinese company. This is a textbook example of bullying. Everyone can see easily and clearly that the U.S. goal is to keep its monopoly in science and technology but deny other countries the legitimate right to development. It doesn't even bother to disguise its bullying. This not only violates the international rules of fair trade, but also hurts the free global market environment.

I'd like to stress again that Huawei and many other Chinese companies, unilaterally sanctioned by the U.S., are innocent. Their technologies and products are safe to use, and they have never done any harm to any country. In stark contrast, the U.S. is behind such scandals as PRISM and ECHELON. It conducts wire-tapping and mass surveillance around the globe, and these wrongful acts are already an open secret. The U.S. is not qualified to build a coalition of "clean countries" because itself is dirty all over.

The new science and technology revolution, driven by information technology, is picking up speed. China will continue to work with all countries to maintain a fair, just, open and non-discriminatory business environment, promote international exchanges and cooperation in science and technology, and ensure that safe, reliable and quality information technology will boost global economic recovery and help improve people's lives around the world. We hope that the U.S. will give up its obsession with its narrow self-interest, and return to the right track of openness and cooperation.



Xinhua: Some U.S. politicians are making fierce attacks on the Communist Party of China (CPC), attempting to pit it against the Chinese people. Forty-one years after China and the U.S. established diplomatic relations, what do you think is the U.S. motive in doing so?


Wang Yi: There have always been forces in the United States attempting to rebut the leadership role of the CPC and China's path of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Their purpose is notably obvious, i.e., to contain and destabilize China.


Next year will mark the 100th anniversary of the founding of the CPC. Over the past century, the CPC has led the Chinese people to discard colonial rule and exploitation and realize national liberation and independence. It is the CPC that has led the Chinese people in blazing the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics, turning the once impoverished country into the world's second largest economy. It is under the CPC leadership that China's per capita GDP has grown from less than 200 U.S. dollars 40 years ago to over 10,000 U.S. dollars today, and over 800 million people have been lifted out of poverty. The great endeavor of the Chinese people under the CPC leadership has been recorded in the history of modernization as an outstanding, epoch-making chapter.

Practice is the sole criterion of truth, and the people are the judges of history. Does China's system work for the country? The Chinese people know better than anyone else. The Harvard Kennedy School's surveys in China which extended 13 years suggest that over 93 percent of the Chinese people are satisfied with the central government which is led by the CPC. Many international polls in recent years also show that at least 90 percent of the Chinese people trust their government. The relationship between the CPC and the Chinese people is as close as between "fish and water" and between "soil and seed." Those who attempt to break this strong bond is making themselves enemies of the 1.4 billion Chinese people.


We have great confidence in our path of socialism with Chinese characteristics. In the meantime, we also respect the development paths chosen by other nations. We are not interested in rivalry of systems, or ideological confrontation with any country. Likewise, we hope that the U.S. will respect China's social system and the Chinese people's choice, and give up its failed interventionism. As President Xi Jinping pointed out, we have the strong determination, resolve and national strength to overcome all challenges. We have the courage, ability and wisdom to prevail over all risks and tests. No country or individual can hold back the historic march toward the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.



Xinhua: Pompeo is calling for a new alliance of democracies against China, and forcing other countries to choose between what he called "freedom" and "tyranny." But we noticed that very few nations answered the call. Do you think that the U.S. will get what it wants?


Wang Yi:Instigation for confrontation and division was not rare in history, but was all rebuked by the people. In the 21st century, it is inconceivable that some people intend to draw an iron curtain, stoke new division, advocate identity politics and bloc rivalry, and resort to other old tricks. This is a blatant contempt of human progress and wisdom as well as a regression of history. It goes against the trend of our times and the will of most nations. Naturally it has no support of the people, and few backing in the world.


China achieved freedom from imperialism and colonialism. Freedom, democracy and rule of law are codified in China's Constitution. They are also part of the core socialist values. In addition, we also know that freedom has boundaries. Respect for science, reason, law and order as well as international rules are the basis of freedom. In fighting COVID-19, the Chinese people follow experts' advice to wear masks. However, some U.S. politicians attacked this, calling it an example of "tyranny" and "no freedom" in China. At the end of the day, they have been slapped in the face by the reality.

China has valued peace and cooperation since ancient times, believing that "division leads to rivalry, which leads to chaos, which leads to poverty." China always opposes dangerous acts to divide the world along ideological lines. To this end, we advocate a new type of international relations featuring win-win cooperation. We pursue friendship and cooperation with all countries. And we endeavor to forge a global network of partnerships. President Xi Jinping calls for building a community with a shared future for mankind. This major initiative is aimed to rise above differences in system, abandon the zero-sum mentality, and find a common goal for all countries, nationalities and civilizations. China will work unrelentingly for this lofty vision for mankind.




Xinhua: Pompeo claims that China desires global hegemony. But everyone knows that it is the U.S. that is willfully withdrawing from international treaties and organizations. Many worry that this will have a big impact on the future international order. What is your take?


Wang Yi: The real challenge to the current international order and system is that the United States, the strongest country in the world, places its own interests above everything else, and takes this as its code of conduct. It has gone extreme to pursue unilateralism and bullying, even at the cost of international responsibilities and multilateral rules. At the height of COVID-19, it went so far as to groundlessly attack and withdraw from the World Health Organization. The current U.S. administration has pulled out of more international treaties than any one before it, making itself the most damaging force of the current international order.


China is always a firm defender of the international order and the international system. In the past seven decades and more since the founding of the People's Republic of China, the country never started a war, or occupied an inch of land of others. We have enshrined in the Constitution our commitment to peaceful development, and we are the first country in the world to make such a solemn pledge. We will continue to adhere to the path of peaceful development, and will never seek hegemony or expansionism. We will always be a staunch force for peace.


This year marks the 75th anniversary of the victory of the World Anti-Fascist War and the founding of the United Nations. Having learned hard lessons from the past, the world has ensured the longest period of stability and prosperity in modern times. We must not allow the international system to be undermined arbitrarily, or the world divided again. China was the first to put its signature on the UN Charter. China has joined almost all international treaties and agreements, and has been faithfully fulfilling its due international responsibilities and obligations. At a time when the future of the world is at stake, China will continue to champion and pursue multilateralism, safeguard the UN-centered international system, and promote multipolarity and greater democracy in international relations.







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